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References

  1. CYANOKIT [package insert]. Columbia, MD: Meridian Medical Technologies, Inc.; 2018.
  2. Baud FJ, Borron SW, Mégarbane B, et al. Value of lactic acidosis in the assessment of the severity of acute cyanide poisoning. Crit Care Med. 2002;30(9):2044-2050.
  3. Eckstein M, Maniscalco PM. Focus on smoke inhalation–the most common cause of acute cyanide poisoning. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2006;21(2):s49-s55.
  4. Guidotti T. Acute cyanide poisoning in prehospital care: new challenges, new tools for intervention. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2005;21(2):s40-s48.
  5. Stevens J, El-Shammaa E. Carbon monoxide and cyanide poisoning in smoke inhalation victims. Relias Media website. https://www.reliasmedia.com/articles/16787-carbon-monoxide-and-cyanide-poisoning-in-smoke-inhalation-victims-a-review. Accessed June 19, 2019.
  6. Borron SW, Baud FJ, Barriot P, Imbert M, Bismuth C. Prospective study of hydroxocobalamin for acute cyanide poisoning in smoke inhalation. Ann Emerg Med. 2007;49(6):794-801.
  7. FDA Press Release. FDA approves drug to treat cyanide poisoning. US Food and Drug Administration. December 15, 2006.
  8. Borron SW, Baud FJ, Megarbane B, Bismuth C. Hydroxocobalamin for severe acute cyanide poisoning by ingestion or inhalation. Am J Emerg Med.2007;25(5):551-558.
  9. Lee-Chiong TL Jr. Smoke inhalation injury: when to suspect and how to treat. Postgrad Med. 1999;105(2):55-62.
  10. FEMA. Authorized equipment list. https://www.fema.gov/authorized-equipment-list-item/09ph-05-cobl. Accessed April 4, 2019.
  11. European Medicines Agency. EPAR summary for the public: Cyanokit. http://www.ema.europa.eu/docs/en_GB/document_library/EPAR_-_Summary_for_the_public/human/000806/WC500036362.pdf. Updated June 2015. Accessed April 4, 2019.
  12. Uhl W, Nolting A, Golor G, Rost KL, Kovar A. Safety of hydroxocobalamin in healthy volunteers in a randomized, placebo-controlled study. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2006;44(suppl 1):17-28.
  13. Walsh DW, Eckstein M. Hydrogen cyanide in fire smoke: an underappreciated threat. Emerg Med Serv. 2004;33(10):160-163.
  14. Research Triangle Institute International. Cyanide: understanding the risk, enhancing preparedness. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2006;44(suppl 1):S47-S63.