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and Healthcare Professionals in the United States
Important Safety Information
Cyanide poisoning may result from inhalation, ingestion, or dermal exposure. Prior to administration of CYANOKIT®, smoke-inhalation victims should be assessed for: exposure to fire or smoke in an enclosed area; presence of soot around the mouth, nose, or oropharynx, and altered mental status. In addition to CYANOKIT®, treatment of cyanide poisoning must include immediate attention to airway patency, adequacy of oxygenation and hydration, cardiovascular support, and management of any seizure activity.
Use caution in the management of patients with known anaphylactic reactions to hydroxocobalamin or cyanocobalamin. Allergic reactions may include: anaphylaxis, chest tightness, edema, urticaria, pruritus, dyspnea, rash, and angioneurotic edema. Substantial increases in blood pressure may occur following CYANOKIT® therapy. Usage may interfere with some clinical laboratory evaluations. Also, because of its deep red color, hydroxocobalamin may cause hemodialysis machines to shut down due to an erroneous detection of a "blood leak." This should be considered before hemodialysis is initiated in patients treated with hydroxocobalamin. Due to potential photosensitivity, patients should avoid direct sun until erythema resolves.
CYANOKIT® is Pregnancy Category C and should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk. Safety and effectiveness of CYANOKIT® have not been established in pediatric patients. The most common adverse reactions (>5%) are transient and include chromaturia, erythema, rash (predominantly acneiform), increased blood pressure, nausea, headache, decreased lymphocyte percentage, and injection site reactions.
This Web site is intended only for First Responders and Healthcare Professionals and is subject to all applicable US laws. The product information provided in this site is intended only for residents of the United States. The products discussed herein may have different product labeling in different countries.